Raman spectroscopy of uranopilite of different origin - implications for molecular structure
Frost, Ray L., Cejka, Jiri, Weier, Matt L., Martens, Wayde N., & Ayoko, Godwin A. (2007) Raman spectroscopy of uranopilite of different origin - implications for molecular structure. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 38(4), pp. 398-409.
Uranopilite, (UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6(H2O)68, the composition of which may vary, can be understood as a complex hydrated uranyl oxy hydroxy sulfate. The structure of uranopilite of different localities has been studied by Raman spectroscopy at 298 and 77 K. A single intense band at 1009 cm-1 assigned to the ￮1 (SO4)2- symmetric stretching mode shifts to higher wavenumbers at 77 K. Three low intensity bands are observed at 1143, 1117 and 1097 cm-1. These bands are attributed to the (SO4)2- ν3 antisymmetric stretching modes. Multiple bands provide evidence that the symmetry of the sulphate anion in the uranopilite structure is lowered. Three bands are observed at 843 to 816 cm-1 in both 298 and 77 K spectra and are attributed to the ν1 symmetric stretching modes of the (UO2)2+ units. Multiple bands prove the symmetry reduction of the UO2 ion. Multiple OH stretching modes prove a complex arrangement of OH groupings and hydrogen bonding in the crystal structure. A series of infrared bands not observed in the Raman spectra are found at 1559, 1540, 1526 and 1511 cm-1 attributed to ￤ UOH bending modes. U-O bond lengths in uranyl and O-H…O bond lengths are calculated and compared with X-ray single crystal structure analysis. Raman spectra of uranopilites of different origin show subtle differences in spectra proving the spectra are origin and sample dependent. Hydrogen-bonding network and its arrangement in the crystal structure play an important role in the origin and stability of uranopilite.
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