Ethnic cluster lifecycle : a case of Chinese restaurants in South East Queensland

Chang, Artemis & Zolin, Roxanne (2014) Ethnic cluster lifecycle : a case of Chinese restaurants in South East Queensland. In Proceedings of British Academy of Management 2014 Conference (BAM2014), British Academy of Management, Belfast, Northern Ireland.

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Abstract

Immigrant entrepreneurs tend to start businesses within their ethnic enclave (EE), as it is an integral part of their social and cultural context and the location where ethnic resources reside (Logan, Alba, & Stults, 2003). Ethnic enclaves can be seen as a form of geographic cluster, China Towns are exemplar EEs, easily identified by the clustering of Chinese restaurants and other ethnic businesses in one central location. Studies on EE thus far have neglected the life cycles stages of EE and its impact on the business experiences of the entrepreneurs. In this paper, we track the formation, growth and decline of an EE. We argue that EE is a special industrial cluster and as such it follows the growth conditions proposed by the cluster life cycle theory (Menzel & Fornahl, 2009). We report a mixed method study of Chinese Restaurants in South East Queensland. Based on multiple sources of data, we concluded that changes in government policies leading to a sharp increase of immigrant numbers from a distinctive culture group can lead to the initiation and growth of the EE. Continuous incoming of new immigrants and increase competition within the cluster mark the mature stage of the EE, making the growth condition more favourable “inside” the cluster. A decline in new immigrants from the same ethnic group and the increased competition within the EE may eventually lead to the decline of such an industrial cluster, thus providing more favorable condition for growth of business outside the cluster.

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ID Code: 76081
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Immigrant Entrepreneurship, Ethnic Entrepreneurship, Industrial Cluster, Cluster Life Cycle
ISBN: 9780954960872
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Entrepreneurship (150304)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Please consult the Authors
Copyright Statement:

Authors of papers submitted to, and presented at, the Conference retain the rights to their individual paper.

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Deposited On: 10 Sep 2014 04:45
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2014 09:02

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