A time series analysis of presentations to Queensland health facilities for alcohol-related conditions, following the increase in 'alcopops' tax

Kisely, S., Crowe, E., Lawrence, D., White, Angela, & Connor, J. (2013) A time series analysis of presentations to Queensland health facilities for alcohol-related conditions, following the increase in 'alcopops' tax. Australasian Psychiatry, 21(4), pp. 383-388.

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Objective: In response to concerns about the health consequences of high-risk drinking by young people, the Australian Government increased the tax on pre-mixed alcoholic beverages ('alcopops') favoured by this demographic. We measured changes in admissions for alcohol-related harm to health throughout Queensland, before and after the tax increase in April 2008.

Methods: We used data from the Queensland Trauma Register, Hospitals Admitted Patients Data Collection, and the Emergency Department Information System to calculate alcohol-related admission rates per 100,000 people, for 15 - 29 year-olds. We analysed data over 3 years (April 2006 - April 2009), using interrupted time-series analyses. This covered 2 years before, and 1 year after, the tax increase. We investigated both mental and behavioural consequences (via F10 codes), and intentional/unintentional injuries (S and T codes).

Results: We fitted an auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model, to test for any changes following the increased tax. There was no decrease in alcohol-related admissions in 15 - 29 year-olds. We found similar results for males and females, as well as definitions of alcohol-related harms that were narrow (F10 codes only) and broad (F10, S and T codes).

Conclusions: The increased tax on 'alcopops' was not associated with any reduction in hospital admissions for alcohol-related harms in Queensland 15 - 29 year-olds.

Impact and interest:

4 citations in Scopus
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3 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 76169
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Alcohol consumption; Alcohol tax; Alcopops; Behaviour modification; Drinking risk; Emergency department; Hospital admissions; Queensland; Youth, adolescent; adult; alcoholic beverage; alcoholism; article; Australia; behavior; female; health care facility; hospital admission; human; male; mental health; tax; time series analysis; alcohol consumption; alcohol tax; alcopops; behaviour modification; d
DOI: 10.1177/1039856213486307
ISSN: 1440-1665
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified (111799)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Deposited On: 16 Sep 2014 04:40
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2014 23:36

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