The topography of multiple drug use among adolescent Australians : findings from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey

White, Angela, Chan, Gary C.K., Quek, Lake-Hui, Connor, Jason P., Saunders, John B., Baker, Peter, Brackenridge, Charlotte, & Kelly, Adrian B. (2013) The topography of multiple drug use among adolescent Australians : findings from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey. Addictive Behaviors, 38(4), pp. 2068-2073.

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Abstract

Introduction and aims: Despite evidence that many Australian adolescents have considerable experience with various drug types, little is known about the extent to which adolescents use multiple substances. The aim of this study was to examine the degree of clustering of drug types within individuals, and the extent to which demographic and psychosocial predictors are related to cluster membership.

Design and method: A sample of 1402 adolescents aged 12-17. years were extracted from the Australian 2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey. Extracted data included lifetime use of 10 substances, gender, psychological distress, physical health, perceived peer substance use, socioeconomic disadvantage, and regionality. Latent class analysis was used to determine clusters, and multinomial logistic regression employed to examine predictors of cluster membership.

Result: There were 3 latent classes. The great majority (79.6%) of adolescents used alcohol only, 18.3% were limited range multidrug users (encompassing alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana), and 2% were extended range multidrug users. Perceived peer drug use and psychological distress predicted limited and extended multiple drug use. Psychological distress was a more significant predictor of extended multidrug use compared to limited multidrug use.

Discussion and conclusion: In the Australian school-based prevention setting, a very strong focus on alcohol use and the linkages between alcohol, tobacco and marijuana are warranted. Psychological distress may be an important target for screening and early intervention for adolescents who use multiple drugs.

Impact and interest:

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15 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 76170
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adolescent; Latent class analysis; Multidrug use, 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine; amphetamine; analgesic agent; cannabis; cocaine; methamphetamine; psychedelic agent; tranquilizer; adolescent; alcohol consumption; article; Australia; child; demography; distress syndrome; female; health; human; major c
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.01.001
ISSN: 0306-4603
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 16 Sep 2014 04:13
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2014 23:46

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