Physical activity, walking and quality of life in women with depressive symptoms

Heesch, Kristiann, van Gellecum, Yolanda R., Burton, Nicola, van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z., & Brown, Wendy (2015) Physical activity, walking and quality of life in women with depressive symptoms. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(3), pp. 281-291.

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Abstract

Background

Physical activity (PA) has a positive association with health-related quality of life (HRQL) in the general population. The association between PA and HRQL in those with poor mental health is less clear.

Purpose

To examine the concurrent and prospective dose-response relationships between total physical activity (TPA) and walking only with HRQL in women aged 50-55 with depressive symptoms in 2001.

Methods

Participants were 1904 women born in 1946-1951 who completed mailed surveys for the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health in 2001, 2004, 2007 and 2010 and who, in 2001, reported depressive symptoms. At each time point, they reported their weekly minutes of walking, moderate PA, and vigorous PA. A summary TPA score was created that accounted for differences in energy expenditure among the three PA types. Mixed models were used to examine associations between TPA and HRQL (SF-36 component and subscale scores) and between walking and HRQL, for women who reported walking as their only PA. Analyses were conducted in 2013-2014.

Results

Concurrently, higher levels of TPA and walking were associated with better HRQL (p<0.05). The strongest associations were found for physical functioning, vitality, and social functioning subscales. In prospective models, associations were attenuated, yet compared with women doing no TPA or walking, women doing “sufficient” TPA or walking had significantly better HRQL over time for most SF-36 scales.

Conclusions

This study extends previous work by demonstrating trends between both TPA and walking and HRQL in women reporting depressive symptoms.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 76182
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: physical activity, exercise, cohort, longitudinal, depression, quality of life, women
DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.09.030
ISSN: 1873-2607
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution; Non-Commercial; No-Derivatives 4.0 International. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.09.030
Deposited On: 16 Sep 2014 22:48
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 05:33

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