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Surface characterisation of selected sorbent materials for common hydrocarbon fuels

Frost, Ray L., Carmody, Onuma, Xi, Yunfei, & Kokot, Serge (2007) Surface characterisation of selected sorbent materials for common hydrocarbon fuels. Surface Science, 601(9), pp. 2066-2076.

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Abstract

The need to find the most efficient material for the clean-up of oil/fuel spills both at sea and on land is of extreme importance. Generally, this requires material selection based upon the adsorption properties of selected sorbent materials such as sand, swelling clays, organo-clays and cotton fibres. These adsorption properties are a function of the surface characterisation where hydrophobic and oleophilic properties are essential. From BET analysis, the adsorption isotherm of the selected materials was type II and IV in the IUPAC classification scheme. The main adsorption mechanism for these sorbents occurred on the external surface of the material in the pores or capillaries. ESEM studies indicate that cotton capillaries contribute significantly to the adsorption process of oil. In addition, the presence of surface wax on cotton-cellulose fibre facilitated the uptake by: a) providing a relatively hydrophobic surface for sorption of organics; and b) providing a low surface energy environment for the capillaries to aid in oil transport. Cotton fibre was observed to have several key properties such as hydrophobicity, good affinity for hydrocarbons, rapid adsorption on contact, and high adsorption and retention through interfibre capillaries. This research provides the basis for selection of cotton–cellulose fibres compared to common and other novel alternatives such as sand and organo-clays, respectively.

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34 citations in Scopus
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25 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 7630
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Hydrocarbon adsorption, sorbents, organo, clays, BET, ESEM, contact angles
DOI: 10.1016/j.susc.2007.03.004
ISSN: 0039-6028
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Colloid and Surface Chemistry (030603)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 15 May 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:37

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