National Character Does Not Reflect Mean Personality Trait Levels in 49 Cultures

Terracciano, Antonio, Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Adam, N., Adamovova, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H., Alansari, B. M., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Angleitner, A., Avia, A., Ayearst, L. E., Barbaranelli, C., Beer, A., Borg-Cunen, M. A., Bratko, D., Brunner-Sciarra, M., Budzinski, L., Camart, N., Dahourou, D., De Fruyt, F., de Lima, M. P., del Pilar, G. E. H., Diener, E., Falzon, R., Fernando, K., Fickova, E., Fischer, R., Flores-Mendoza, C., Ghayur, M. A., Gulgoz, S., Hagburg, B., Halberstadt, J., Halim, M. S., Hebikova, M., Humrichouse, J., Jensen, H. H., Jocic, D. D., Jonsson, F. H., Khoury, B., Klinkosz, W., Kneevi, G., Lauri, M. A., Leibovich, N., Martin, T. A., Marusic, I., Mastor, K. A., Matsumoto, D., McRorie, M., Meshcheriakov, B., Mortensen, E. L., Munyae, M., Nagy, J., Nakazato, K., Nansubuga, F., Oishi, S., Ojedokun, A. O., Ostendorf, F., Paulhus, D. L., Pelevin, S., Petot, J.M., Podobnik, N., Porrata, J. L., Pramila, V. S., Prentice, G., Realo, A., Reategui, N., Rolland, J.P., Rossier, J., Ruch, W., Rus, V. S., Sanchez-Bernardos, M. L., Schmidt, V., Sciculna-Calleja, S., Sekowski, A., Shakespeare-Finch, Jane E., Shimonaka, Y., Simonetti, F., Sineshaw, T., Siuta, J., Smith, P. B., Trapnell, P. D., Trobst, K. K., Wang, L., Yik, M., Zupani, A., & McCrae, Robert R. (2005) National Character Does Not Reflect Mean Personality Trait Levels in 49 Cultures. Science Magazine, 310(5745), pp. 96-100.

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Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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ID Code: 7714
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Supporting materials available online at:
Keywords: Culture, ethnopsychology, national characteristics, personality, personality tests, stereotyping
DOI: 10.1126/science.1117199
ISSN: 0036-8075
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Personality Abilities and Assessment (170109)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 American Association for the Advancement of Science
Deposited On: 17 May 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 14:39

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