National Character Does Not Reflect Mean Personality Trait Levels in 49 Cultures
Terracciano, Antonio, Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Adam, N., Adamovova, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H., Alansari, B. M., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Angleitner, A., Avia, A., Ayearst, L. E., Barbaranelli, C., Beer, A., Borg-Cunen, M. A., Bratko, D., Brunner-Sciarra, M., Budzinski, L., Camart, N., Dahourou, D., De Fruyt, F., de Lima, M. P., del Pilar, G. E. H., Diener, E., Falzon, R., Fernando, K., Fickova, E., Fischer, R., Flores-Mendoza, C., Ghayur, M. A., Gulgoz, S., Hagburg, B., Halberstadt, J., Halim, M. S., Hebikova, M., Humrichouse, J., Jensen, H. H., Jocic, D. D., Jonsson, F. H., Khoury, B., Klinkosz, W., Kneevi, G., Lauri, M. A., Leibovich, N., Martin, T. A., Marusic, I., Mastor, K. A., Matsumoto, D., McRorie, M., Meshcheriakov, B., Mortensen, E. L., Munyae, M., Nagy, J., Nakazato, K., Nansubuga, F., Oishi, S., Ojedokun, A. O., Ostendorf, F., Paulhus, D. L., Pelevin, S., Petot, J.M., Podobnik, N., Porrata, J. L., Pramila, V. S., Prentice, G., Realo, A., Reategui, N., Rolland, J.P., Rossier, J., Ruch, W., Rus, V. S., Sanchez-Bernardos, M. L., Schmidt, V., Sciculna-Calleja, S., Sekowski, A., Shakespeare-Finch, Jane E., Shimonaka, Y., Simonetti, F., Sineshaw, T., Siuta, J., Smith, P. B., Trapnell, P. D., Trobst, K. K., Wang, L., Yik, M., Zupani, A., & McCrae, Robert R. (2005) National Character Does Not Reflect Mean Personality Trait Levels in 49 Cultures. Science Magazine, 310(5745), pp. 96-100.
Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Supporting materials available online at: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/310/5745/96/DC1|
|Keywords:||Culture, ethnopsychology, national characteristics, personality, personality tests, stereotyping|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Personality Abilities and Assessment (170109)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 American Association for the Advancement of Science|
|Deposited On:||17 May 2007|
|Last Modified:||01 May 2012 11:44|
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