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Occupational exposure to ultraviolet radiation : the duality dilemma

Kimlin, Michael G. & Tenkate, Thomas D. (2007) Occupational exposure to ultraviolet radiation : the duality dilemma. Reviews on Environmental Health, 22(1), pp. 1-38.

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      Abstract

      Human exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a component of everyday life and a significant hazard for outdoor workers. In addition, a large range of artificial sources also has the potential to provide extreme occupational UV exposure. Even though the human health risks of overexposure to UV are well documented, to date relatively little is known quantitatively about UV exposure. For example, the evidence indicates that workers who are exposed to particular sources (for example, welding arcs) are exposed to extreme UV exposures, despite the use of current control measures. In contrast, increasing evidence points to significant health impacts resulting from underexposure to UV, particularly with the production (or more correctly lack of production) of vitamin D in the skin. The latter poses a serious issue for the work-force, with specific risks for workers lacking adequate sun exposure-underground miners, long-haul flight crews, shift workers, and perhaps indoor workers. Using a risk-management approach, this paper provides a comprehensive review of occupational UV sources, health impact of occupational UV exposure, occupational exposure standards, and levels of exposure in various settings, and discusses the appropriate control measures. In addition, the duality aspect of health impacts from overexposure and underexposure to UV and the associated occupational health implications are specifically explored.

      Impact and interest:

      12 citations in Scopus
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      ID Code: 7735
      Item Type: Journal Article
      Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the publisher's website (link above) or contact the author
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      Keywords: Vitamin D, Eye Neoplasms, Melanoma, Bone Health, Photodermatoses, Photokeratoses
      DOI: 10.1515/REVEH.2007.22.1.1
      ISSN: 0048-7554
      Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (111705)
      Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
      Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
      Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
      Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Freund Publishing House LTD.
      Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at www.degruyter.com
      Deposited On: 04 Jun 2007
      Last Modified: 11 Nov 2014 20:31

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