Expanded review criteria : the case of nonpharmacological interventions in dementia

Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska, Buckwalter, Kathleen, Beattie, Elizabeth, Rose, Karen, Neville, Christine, & Kolanowski, Ann (2014) Expanded review criteria : the case of nonpharmacological interventions in dementia. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 41(1), pp. 15-28.

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This paper challenges the assumptions underlying many reviews and offers alternative criteria for examining evidence for nonpharmacological interventions. We evaluated 27 reviews examining interventions for persons with dementia as they relate to the issues of selection based on randomized controlled trial (RCT) design. Reviews were described by type of intervention, level of cognitive function, and criteria for inclusion. Of the 27 reviews, 46% required RCTs for inclusion and most had stringent inclusion criteria. This resulted in poor utilization of the literature and low ecological validity. Eliminating most of the available data poses a critical problem to clinical and research development. Studies meeting strict methodological criteria may not generalize to the greater population or may exclude sub-populations and interventions. Limitations of double-blind RCTs and potential design solutions are set forth based on appropriate populations, problems, interventions, and settings characteristics.

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3 citations in Scopus
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3 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 77774
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: dementia, interventions, older persons, randomised controlled trials, research design, review
DOI: 10.3233/JAD-132357
ISSN: 1875-8908
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Aged Care Nursing (111001)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 I O S Press
Deposited On: 17 Oct 2014 06:02
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2014 03:25

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