Workplace physical activity interventions : a systematic review

To, Quyen G., Chen, Ted T. L., Magnussen, Costan G., & To, Kien G. (2013) Workplace physical activity interventions : a systematic review. American Journal of Health Promotion, 27(6), e113-e123.

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Objective. To assess the effectiveness of workplace interventions in improving physical activity.

Data Source. EBSCO research database (and all subdatabases).

Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria. Articles were published from 2000 to 2010 in English, had appropriate designs, and measured employees' physical activity, energy consumption, and/or body mass index (BMI) as primary outcomes. Articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded.

Data Extraction. Data extracted included study design, study population, duration, intervention activities, outcomes, and results.

Data Synthesis. Data were synthesized into one table. Results of each relevant outcome including p values were combined.

Results. Twelve (60%) of 20 selected interventions reported an improvement in physical activity level, steps, or BMI, and there was one slowed step reduction in the intervention group. Among these, 10 were less than 6 months in duration; 9 used pedometers; 6 applied Internet-based approaches; and 5 included activities targeting social and environmental levels. Seven of 8 interventions with pre-posttest and quasi-experimental controlled design showed improvement on at least one outcome. However, 7 of 12 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) did not prove effective in any outcome.

Conclusion. Interventions that had less rigorous research designs, used pedometers, applied Internet-based approaches, and included activities at social and environmental levels were more likely to report being effective than those without these characteristics.

Impact and interest:

10 citations in Scopus
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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 77790
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Physical Activity, Exercise, Review, Workplace, Worksite, Intervention, Effectiveness
DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.120425-LIT-222
ISSN: 0890-1171
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 16 Oct 2014 23:47
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 04:24

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