Household food insecurity is associated with less physical activity among children and adults in the U.S. population
To, Quyen G., Frongillo, Edward A., Gallegos, Danielle, & Moore, Justin B. (2014) Household food insecurity is associated with less physical activity among children and adults in the U.S. population. The Journal of Nutrition, 144(11), pp. 1797-1802.
Household food insecurity and physical activity are each important public-health concerns in the United States, but the relation between them was not investigated thoroughly.
We wanted to examine the association between food insecurity and physical activity in the U.S. population.
Physical activity measured by accelerometry (PAM) and physical activity measured by questionnaire (PAQ) data from the NHANES 2003–2006 were used. Individuals aged <6 y or >65 y, pregnant, with physical limitations, or with family income >350% of the poverty line were excluded. Food insecurity was measured by the USDA Household Food Security Survey Module. Adjusted ORs were calculated from logistic regression to identify the association between food insecurity and adherence to the physical-activity guidelines. Adjusted coefficients were obtained from linear regression to identify the association between food insecurity with sedentary/physical-activity minutes.
In children, food insecurity was not associated with adherence to physical-activity guidelines measured via PAM or PAQ and with sedentary minutes (P > 0.05). Food-insecure children did less moderate to vigorous physical activity than food-secure children (adjusted coefficient = −5.24, P = 0.02). In adults, food insecurity was significantly associated with adherence to physical-activity guidelines (adjusted OR = 0.72, P = 0.03 for PAM; and OR = 0.84, P < 0.01 for PAQ) but was not associated with sedentary minutes (P > 0.05).
Food-insecure children did less moderate to vigorous physical activity, and food-insecure adults were less likely to adhere to the physical-activity guidelines than those without food insecurity.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Food security, Physical activity, Exercise, Food insecurity|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2014 American Society for Nutrition|
|Deposited On:||17 Oct 2014 05:07|
|Last Modified:||25 Oct 2016 23:41|
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