Cytotoxicity testing of silver-containing burn treatments using primary and immortal skin cells

Boonkaew, Benjawan, Kempf, Margit, Kimble, Roy M., & Cuttle, Leila (2014) Cytotoxicity testing of silver-containing burn treatments using primary and immortal skin cells. Burns, 40(8), pp. 1562-1569.

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A novel burn wound hydrogel dressing has been previously developed which is composed of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid sodium salt with silver nanoparticles (silver AMPS). This study compared the cytotoxicity of this dressing to the commercially available silver products; Acticoat™, PolyMem Silver® and Flamazine™ cream. Human keratinocytes (HaCaT and primary HEK) and normal human fibroblasts (NHF) were exposed to dressings incubated on Nunc™ polycarbonate inserts for 24, 48 and 72h. Four different cytotoxicity assays were performed including; Trypan Blue cell count, MTT, Celltiter-Blue™ and Toluidine Blue surface area assays. The results were expressed as relative cell viability compared to an untreated control. The cytotoxic effects of Acticoat™ and Flamazine™ cream were dependent on exposure time and cell type. After 24h exposure, Acticoat™ and Flamazine™ cream were toxic to all tested cell lines. Surprisingly, HaCaTs treated with Acticoat™ and Flamazine™ had an improved ability to survive at 48 and 72h while HEKs and NHFs had no improvement in survival with any treatment. The novel silver hydrogel and PolyMem Silver® showed low cytotoxicity to all tested cell lines at every time interval and these results support the possibility of using the novel silver hydrogel as a burn wound dressing. Researchers who rely on HaCaT cells as an accurate keratinocyte model should be aware that they can respond differently to primary skin cells.

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2 citations in Scopus
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3 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 77863
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Cytotoxicity; Hydrogel; Dressing; Silver nanoparticles; Burn care
DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2014.02.009
ISSN: 0305-4179
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Burns. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Burns, [VOL 40, ISSUE 8, (2014)] DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2014.02.009
Deposited On: 19 Oct 2014 22:04
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2016 11:03

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