The impact of work-family programs on the relationship between gender diversity and performance

Ali, Muhammad, Metz, Isabel, & Kulik, Carol T. (2015) The impact of work-family programs on the relationship between gender diversity and performance. Human Resource Management, 54(4), pp. 553-576.

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Abstract

Work–family programs signal an employer's perspective on gender diversity to employees, and can influence whether the effects of diversity on performance are positive or negative. This article tests the interactive effects of nonmanagement gender diversity and work–family programs on productivity, and management gender diversity and work–family programs on financial performance. The predictions were tested in 198 Australian publicly listed organizations using primary (survey) and secondary (publicly available) data based on a two-year time lag between diversity and performance. The findings indicate that nonmanagement gender diversity leads to higher productivity in organizations with many work–family programs, and management gender diversity leads to lower financial performance in organizations with few work–family programs. The results suggest different business cases at nonmanagement and management levels for the adoption of work–family programs in gender-diverse organizations.

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ID Code: 77881
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Gender Diversity, Work-family Programs, Productivity, Financial Performance
DOI: 10.1002/hrm.21631
ISSN: 0090-4848
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Human Resources Management (150305)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Copyright Statement: This is the accepted version of the following article: [full citation], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article].
Deposited On: 20 Oct 2014 23:26
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2016 08:42

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