Socioeconomic Differences Among Australian Adults in Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables and Intakes of Vitamins A, C and Folate

Giskes, Katrina M., Turrell, Gavin, Patterson, Carla M., & Newman, Beth M. (2002) Socioeconomic Differences Among Australian Adults in Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables and Intakes of Vitamins A, C and Folate. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 15(5), pp. 375-385.

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Objective: To determine whether socioeconomic groups differ in their food intakes for fruit and vegetables, their consumption of fruit and vegetables dense in vitamin A, folate and vitamin C, and their nutrient intakes of vitamin C, folate and vitamin A. Methods: The 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey collected food intake data from 8883 adults aged 18-64 years using a 24-hour dietary recall. Fruit and vegetable was measured as amount (g) consumed. Intakes of nutrients were estimated from the 24-hour dietary recall data. Participants were categorised whether or not they consumed fruits or vegetables high in vitamin A, folate and vitamin C. Gross annual household income was used to measure socioeconomic position. Results: Participants from low-income households consumed a smaller quantity of fruits and vegetables. They were also less likely to consume fruits and vegetables high in vitamin C, folate and vitamin A. Consistent with these findings, men and women from disadvantaged socioeconomic groups had lower intakes of vitamin C and folate compared to their more affluent counterparts. These differences were small to moderate in magnitude. Vitamin A intakes were not significantly related to income. Conclusion: As well as promoting healthy dietary practices, nutrition-promotion strategies should target improving the nutrient intakes of lower socioeconomic groups. These programs should focus on improving the quantity and choice of fruits and vegetables consumed by people from low-income households.

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76 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 7806
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: fruits, vegetables, socioeconomic position, vitamin A, vitamin C, folate
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-277X.2002.00387.x
ISSN: 0952-3871
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at
Deposited On: 23 May 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 12:41

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