Dietary Intakes of Adults in the Netherlands by Childhood and Adulthood Socioeconomic Position

Giskes, Katrina M., van Lenthe, Frank J., Brug, Johannes, & Mackenbach, Johan P. (2004) Dietary Intakes of Adults in the Netherlands by Childhood and Adulthood Socioeconomic Position. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(6), pp. 871-880.

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Objective: To examine the influence of individual- and area-level socioeconomic characteristics on food choice behaviour and dietary intake. Setting: The city of Eindhoven in the south-eastern Netherlands. Design: 1339 men and women aged 25-79 years were sampled from 85 areas (mean number of participants per area n = 18.4, range 2-49). Information on socioeconomic position (SEP) and diet was collected by structured face-to-face interviews (response rate 79.3%). Individual-level SEP was measured by education and household income, and area-level deprivation was measured using a composite index that included residents' education, occupation and employment status. Diet was measured on the basis of (i) a grocery food index that captured compliance with dietary guidelines, (ii) breakfast consumption, and (iii) intakes of fruit, total fat and saturated fat. Multi-level analyses were performed to examine the independent effects of individual and area-level socioeconomic characteristics on the dietary outcome variables.
Main results: After adjusting for individual-level SEP, few trends or significant effects of area deprivation were found for the dietary outcomes. Significant associations were found between individual-level SEP and food choice, breakfast consumption and fruit intake, with participants from disadvantaged backgrounds being less likely to report food behaviours or nutrient intakes consistent with dietary recommendations.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that an individual's socioeconomic characteristics play a more important role in shaping diet than the socioeconomic characteristics of the area in which they live. In this Dutch study, no independent influence of area-level socioeconomic characteristics on diet was detected, which contrasts with findings from the USA, the UK and Finland.

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ID Code: 7807
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adulthood, Childhood, Fruit, Lifecourse, Nutrient Intakes, Social Class
DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601889
ISSN: 0954-3007
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 Nature Publishing Group
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 23 May 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:28

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