Dietary Intakes of Adults in the Netherlands by Childhood and Adulthood Socioeconomic Position
Giskes, Katrina M., van Lenthe, Frank J., Brug, Johannes, & Mackenbach, Johan P. (2004) Dietary Intakes of Adults in the Netherlands by Childhood and Adulthood Socioeconomic Position. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(6), pp. 871-880.
Objective: To examine the influence of individual- and area-level socioeconomic characteristics on food choice behaviour and dietary intake.
Setting: The city of Eindhoven in the south-eastern Netherlands.
Design: 1339 men and women aged 25-79 years were sampled from 85 areas (mean number of participants per area n = 18.4, range 2-49). Information on socioeconomic position (SEP) and diet was collected by structured face-to-face interviews (response rate 79.3%). Individual-level SEP was measured by education and household income, and area-level deprivation was measured using a composite index that included residents' education, occupation and employment status. Diet was measured on the basis of (i) a grocery food index that captured compliance with dietary guidelines, (ii) breakfast consumption, and (iii) intakes of fruit, total fat and saturated fat. Multi-level analyses were performed to examine the independent effects of individual and area-level socioeconomic characteristics on the dietary outcome variables.
Main results: After adjusting for individual-level SEP, few trends or significant effects of area deprivation were found for the dietary outcomes. Significant associations were found between individual-level SEP and food choice, breakfast consumption and fruit intake, with participants from disadvantaged backgrounds being less likely to report food behaviours or nutrient intakes consistent with dietary recommendations.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that an individual's socioeconomic characteristics play a more important role in shaping diet than the socioeconomic characteristics of the area in which they live. In this Dutch study, no independent influence of area-level socioeconomic characteristics on diet was detected, which contrasts with findings from the USA, the UK and Finland.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Adulthood, Childhood, Fruit, Lifecourse, Nutrient Intakes, Social Class|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)|
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 Nature Publishing Group|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||23 May 2007 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:28|
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