Bisphenol A exposure is not associated with area-level socioeconomic index in Australian children using pooled urine samples

Heffernan, A.L., Sly, P.D., Toms, L.M.L., Hobson, P., & Mueller, J.F. (2014) Bisphenol A exposure is not associated with area-level socioeconomic index in Australian children using pooled urine samples. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(15), pp. 9344-9355.

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Bisphenol A (BPA) is used extensively in food-contact materials and has been detected routinely in populations worldwide, and this exposure has been linked to a range of negative health outcomes in humans. There is some evidence of an association between BPA and different socioeconomic variables which may be the result of different dietary patterns. The aim of this study was to conduct a preliminary investigation of the association between BPA and socioeconomic status in Australian children using pooled urine specimens and an area level socioeconomic index. Surplus pathology urine specimens collected from children aged 0-15 years in Queensland, Australia as samples of convenience (n = 469) were pooled by age, sex and area level socioeconomic index (n = 67 pools), and analysed for total BPA using online solid phase extraction LC-MS/MS. Concentration ranged from 1.08-27.4 ng/ml with geometric mean 2.57 ng/ml, and geometric mean exposure was estimated as 70.3 ng/kg d-1. Neither BPA concentration nor excretion was associated with age or sex, and the authors found no evidence of an association with socioeconomic status. These results suggest that BPA exposure is not associated with socioeconomic status in the Australian population due to relatively homogenous exposures in Australia, or that the socioeconomic gradient is relatively slight in Australia compared with other OECD countries.

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3 citations in Scopus
3 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 78641
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: human biomonitoring, urine, bisphenol A, BPA, socioeconomic status, socioeconomic position
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-2882-z
ISSN: 1614-7499
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (050000) > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT (050200) > Environmental Monitoring (050206)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Springer
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via
Deposited On: 12 Nov 2014 23:28
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 20:15

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