Use of physical activity self-management strategies by high school students

Trost, Stewart G. & Hutley, Jan (2015) Use of physical activity self-management strategies by high school students. Pediatric Exercise Science, 27, pp. 168-174.

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Abstract

Teaching adolescents to use self-management strategies (SMS's) may be an effective approach to promoting lifelong physical activity (PA). However, the extent to which adolescents use SMS's and their impact on current PA have not been studied previously. The aims of this study were:

  • 1) describe the prevalence of SMS use in adolescents, and;

  • 2) determine relationships between SMS use, PA self-efficacy, and PA participation.

197 students completed questionnaires measuring use of SMS's, self-efficacy, and PA behavior. The most prevalent SMS's (>30%) were thinking about the benefits of PA, making PA more enjoyable, choosing activities that are convenient, setting aside time to do PA, and setting goals to do PA. Less than 10% reported rewarding oneself for PA, writing planned activities in a book or calendar, and keeping charts of PA. SMS use was associated with increased self-efficacy (r = 0.47, P < .001) and higher levels of PA (r = 0.34 P < .001). A one unit difference in SMS scores was associated with a ~ 4-fold increase in the probability of being active (OR = 3.7, 95% CI = 1.8-7.4). Although strongly associated with PA, a relatively small percentage of adolescents routinely use SMS's.

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ID Code: 78781
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1123/pes.2014-0089
ISSN: 1543-2920
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Deposited On: 19 Nov 2014 23:09
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2016 21:51

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