Increased platelet-derived microparticles in the coronary circulation of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty patients
Craft, Judy A., Masci, Paul P, Roberts, Michael S., Brighton, Tim A., Garrahy, Paul, Cox, Stephen, & Marsh, Neville A. (2004) Increased platelet-derived microparticles in the coronary circulation of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty patients. Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis, 15(6), pp. 475-482.
Platelet-derived microparticles that are produced during platelet activation are capable of adhesion and aggregation. Endothelial trauma that occurs during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) may support platelet-derived microparticle adhesion and contribute to development of restenosis. We have previously reported an increase in platelet-derived microparticles in peripheral arterial blood with angioplasty. This finding raised concerns regarding the role of plateletderived microparticles in restenosis, and therefore the aim of this study was to monitor levels in the coronary circulation. The study population consisted of 19 angioplasty patients. Paired coronary artery and sinus samples were obtained following heparinization, following contrast administration, and subsequent to all vessel manipulation. Platelet-derived microparticles were identified with an anti-CD61 (glycoprotein IIIa) fluorescence-conjugated antibody using flow cytometry. There was a significant decrease in arterial platelet-derived microparticles from heparinization to contrast administration (P 0.001), followed by a significant increase to the end of angioplasty (P 0.004). However, there was no significant change throughout the venous samples. These results indicate that the higher level of platelet-derived microparticles after angioplasty in arterial blood remained in the coronary circulation. Interestingly, levels of thrombin–antithrombin complexes did not rise during PTCA. This may have implications for the development of coronary restenosis post-PTCA, although this remains to be determined.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||platelet-derived microparticles, blood platelets, flow cytometry, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > OTHER BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (069900) > Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified (069999)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE AND HAEMATOLOGY (110200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE AND HAEMATOLOGY (110200) > Haematology (110202)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences|
|Deposited On:||21 Nov 2014 02:03|
|Last Modified:||05 Oct 2016 02:10|
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