Factors influencing Saudi Arabian optometry candidates' career choices and institution of learning. Why do Saudi students choose to study optometry?

Osuagwu, Uchechukwu L., Briggs, Stella T., Chijuka, John C., Alanazi, Saud A., & Ogbuehi, Kelechi C. (2014) Factors influencing Saudi Arabian optometry candidates' career choices and institution of learning. Why do Saudi students choose to study optometry? Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 97(5), pp. 442-449.

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Abstract

Optometry is a primary health-care profession (PHCP) and this study aimed to elucidate the factors influencing the choice of optometry as a career for Saudi students, the students' perceptions of optometry and the effect of gender.

METHODS

Two hundred and forty-seven students whose average age was 21.7 ± 1.5 (SD) years and who are currently enrolled in two colleges of optometry in Saudi Arabia--King Saud University (KSU) and Qassim University (QU)--completed self-administered questionnaires. The survey included questions concerning demography, career first choice, career perception and factors influencing career choices.

RESULTS

The response rate was 87.6 per cent and there were 161 male (64.9 per cent) students. Seventy-nine per cent of the participants were from KSU (males and females) and 20.6 per cent were from QU (only males). Seventy-three per cent come from Riyadh and 19 per cent are from Qassim province. Regarding the first choice for their careers, the females (92 per cent) were 0.4 times more likely (p = 0.012) to choose optometry than males (78.3 per cent). The males were significantly more likely to be influenced by the following factors: the Doctor of Optometry (OD) programs run at both universities, good salary and prospects (p < 0.05, for all). The women were significantly less likely to be influenced by another individual (p = 0.0004). Generally, more than two-thirds of the respondents viewed the desire to help others, professional prestige and the new OD programs as the three most influential factors in opting for a career in optometry.

CONCLUSION

Females were more likely to opt for a career in optometry and males were more likely to be influenced by the new OD programs, good salary and job prospects. Service provision to others in the community was a primary motivation to opt for a career in optometry among young Saudis.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 78995
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Optometry Students, Career, Motivation, HERN
DOI: 10.1111/cxo.12182
ISSN: 0816-4622
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optometry and Ophthalmology not elsewhere classified (111399)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Optometry Copyright 2014 Optometrists Association Australia
Copyright Statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Osuagwu, Uchechukwu L., Briggs, Stella T., Chijuka, John C., Alanazi, Saud A., & Ogbuehi, Kelechi C. (2014) Factors influencing Saudi Arabian optometry candidates' career choices and institution of learning. Why do Saudi students choose to study optometry? Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 97(5), pp. 442-449, which has been published in final form at [10.1111/cxo.12182]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Deposited On: 30 Nov 2014 22:36
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 12:36

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