The effectiveness of dietary counselling versus oral nutrition supplements in improving nutritional intake in malnourished patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Collins, Peter, Elia, Marinos, Cawood, Abbie L., Kurukulaaratchy, R., & Stratton, Rebecca J. (2013) The effectiveness of dietary counselling versus oral nutrition supplements in improving nutritional intake in malnourished patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Nutrition and Dietetics, 70(Sup 1), pp. 8-9.

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Abstract

The evidence for nutritional support in COPD is almost entirely based on oral nutritional supplements (ONS) yet despite this dietary counseling and food fortification (DA) are often used as the first line treatment for malnutrition. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of ONS vs. DA in improving nutritional intake in malnourished outpatients with COPD. 70 outpatients (BMI 18.4 SD 1.6 kg/m2, age 73 SD 9 years, severe COPD) were randomised to receive a 12-week intervention of either ONS or DA (n 33 ONS vs. n 37 DA). Paired t-test analysis revealed total energy intakes significantly increased with ONS at week 6 (+302 SD 537 kcal/d; p = 0.002), with a slight reduction at week 12 (+243 SD 718 kcal/d; p = 0.061) returning to baseline levels on stopping supplementation. DA resulted in small increases in energy that only reached significance 3 months post-intervention (week 6: +48 SD 623 kcal/d, p = 0.640; week 12: +157 SD 637 kcal/d, p = 0.139; week 26: +247 SD 592 kcal/d, p = 0.032). Protein intake was significantly higher in the ONS group at both week 6 and 12 (ONS: +19.0 SD 25.0 g/d vs. DA: +1.0 SD 13.0 g/d; p = 0.033 ANOVA) but no differences were found at week 26. Vitamin C, Iron and Zinc intakes significantly increased only in the ONS group. ONS significantly increased energy, protein and several micronutrient intakes in malnourished COPD patients but only during the period of supplementation. Trials investigating the effects of combined nutritional interventions are required.

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ID Code: 79157
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: COPD, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Malnutrition, Dietetics, Dietary counselling
DOI: 10.1111/1747-0080.12034
ISSN: 1747-0080
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Dietitians Association of Australia
Copyright Statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: FULL CITE, which has been published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Deposited On: 02 Dec 2014 23:46
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 05:15

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