Medical and nursing students perceived knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning human immunodeficiency virus

Lui, Paraniala S. C., Sarangapany, Jeganathan, Begley, Kim, Coote, Katherine, & Kishore, Kamal (2014) Medical and nursing students perceived knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning human immunodeficiency virus. ISRN Public Health, 2014, Article ID 975875.

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To assess medical and nursing students’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Fiji.


A cross-sectional study of 275 medical and 252 nursing students that participated in a questionnaire survey on HIV KAP. Data was analysed according to their gender, program of study, and academic year.


The mean HIV knowledge (HK) and attitude scores were 16.0 and 41.3, respectively. Mean HK score was significantly higher in males compared to females. Significant positive correlations were found between HK and academic year for medical () and nursing () students and between HK and attitude scores (). The majority of students indicated fear in contracting HIV through clinical practice and felt that health care workers have the right to know a patients HIV status for their own safety. The majority would wear gloves to touch a patient if suspected of HIV.


The study found a high level of HIV knowledge and positive attitude towards HIV patients. However, respondents also displayed negative attitudes and unacceptable practices probably due to fear. Training institutions need to ensure that students gain accurate knowledge on HIV especially on transmission routes to allay the fear of caring for HIV-infected patients.

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ID Code: 79259
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: HIV, Fiji, Medical and nursing student, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Health care training institutes, HERN
DOI: 10.1155/2014/975875
ISSN: 2090-8008
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Paraniala S.C. Lui et al.
Copyright Statement: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Deposited On: 04 Dec 2014 22:53
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 00:40

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