Clinical trials in pediatrics

Chang, Anne B. & O'Grady, Kerry-Ann F. (2014) Clinical trials in pediatrics. Clinical Investigation, 4(11), pp. 981-983.

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Abstract

“Children are not little adults.” Almost all aspects of children's health including clinical trials and drug development are poor cousins of adult health. Over the years, pediatricians worldwide caution against blind extrapolation of adult data to children as it may result in considerable harm [1,2]. Also, it is increasingly recognized that the roots of many chronic diseases in adulthood stem from childhood and tackling health issues in children lead to improved health in adults [3,4]. Furthermore, investment in early childhood has long-term benefits in adults not only in health but also in other aspects of life such as education and crime reduction [4,5]. Arguably, health at birth is the single most important predictor of health in adulthood as the inequality of an infant at birth has intergenerational effects [5]. The Carolina Abecedarian Project showed that early childhood programs that are of high quality result in substantial societal benefits (e.g., reduction of crime, increased earnings, better education) [4,5]. A recent publication from this project found that this benefit also translated into improved adult health outcomes [4]. In a randomized trial, Campbell and colleagues described that disadvantaged children who were randomized to the intervention group (early education, health screenings and nutrition program) had significantly lower rates of metabolic syndrome, obesity and hypertension, when aged in their mid-30s, compared with the control group [4]...

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ID Code: 79280
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Editorial of this issue.
Additional URLs:
Keywords: clinical trials, pediatrics, challenges, ethics, review
DOI: 10.4155/cli.14.103
ISSN: 2041-6806
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Future Science Ltd
Deposited On: 07 Dec 2014 23:34
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 01:40

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