Visual rehabilitation in low-moderate keratoconus : intracorneal ring segment implantation followed by same-day topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy and collagen cross linking

Zeraid, Ferial M., Jawkhab, Asma A., Al-Tuwairqi, Waleed S., & Osuagwu, Uchechukwu L. (2014) Visual rehabilitation in low-moderate keratoconus : intracorneal ring segment implantation followed by same-day topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy and collagen cross linking. International Journal of Ophthalmology, 7(5), pp. 800-806.

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Abstract

AIM:

To present the results of same-day topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (TG-PRK) and corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) after previous intrastromal corneal ring segment (ISCR) implantation for keratoconus.

METHODS:

An experimental clinical study on twenty-one eyes of 19 patients aged, 27.1±6.6 years (range: 19 – 43 years), with low to moderate keratoconus who were selected to undergo customized TG-PRK immediately followed by same-day CXL, 9 months after ISCR implantation in a university ophthalmology clinic. Refraction, uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected distance visual acuities (CDVA), keratometry (K) values, central corneal thickness (CCT) and coma were assessed 3 months after TG/PRK and CXL.

RESULTS:

After TG-PRK/CXL: the mean UDVA (logMAR) improved significantly from 0.66±0.41 to 0.20±0.25 (P<0.05); K flat value decreased from: 48.44±3.66 D to 43.71±1.95 D; K steep value decreased from 45.61±2.40 D to 41.56±2.05D; K average also decreased from 42.42±2.07 D to 47.00±2.66 D (P<0.05 for all). The mean sphere and cylinder decreased significantly post-surgery from, -3.10±2.99 D to -0.11±0.93 D and from, -3.68±1.53 to -1.11±0.75D respectively, while the CDVA, CCT and coma showed no significant changes. Compared to post-ISCR, significant reductions (P ˂ 0.05 or all) in all K-values, sphere and cylinder were observed after TG-PRK/CXL.

CONCLUSION:

Same-day combined topography-guided PRK and corneal crosslinking following placement of ICRS is a safe and potentially effective option in treating low-moderate keratoconus. It significantly improved all visual acuity, reduced keratometry, sphere and astigmatism, but caused no change in central corneal thickness and coma.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 79422
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: keratoconus; astigmatism; photorefractive keratectomy; corneal collagen crosslinking
DOI: 10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2014.05.11
ISSN: 2227-4898
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 International Journal of Ophthalmology Press
Deposited On: 11 Dec 2014 23:56
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 12:01

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