The relationship between emotional intelligence and depression in a clinical sample

Downey, Luke A., Johnston, Patrick J., Hansen, Karen, Schembri, Rachel, Stough, Con, Tuckwell, Virginia, & Schweitzer, Isaac (2008) The relationship between emotional intelligence and depression in a clinical sample. European Journal of Psychiatry, 22(2), pp. 93-98.

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Although depression is a commonly occurring mental illness, research concerning strategies for early detection and prophylaxis has not until now focused on the possible utility of measures of Emotional Intelligence (EI) as a potential predictive factor. The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between EI and a clinical diagnosis of depression in a cohort of adults.

Methods: Sixty-two patients (59.70% female) with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of a major affective disorder and 39 aged matched controls (56.40% female) completed self-report instruments assessing EI and depression in a cross-sectional study.

Results: Significant associations were observed between severity of depression and the EI dimensions of Emotional Management (r = -0.56) and Emotional Control (r = -0.62). The results show a reduced social involvement, an increased prior institutionalization and an increased incidence of "Schizophrenic Psychosis" and "Abnormal Personalities" in the sub-group of repeated admissions.

Conclusions: Measures of EI may have predictive value in terms of early identification of those at risk for developing depression. The current study points to the potential value of conducting further studies of a prospective nature.

Impact and interest:

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20 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 79438
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: emotional intelligence, emotional control, depression
DOI: 10.4321/S0213-61632008000200005
ISSN: 0213-6163
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy) (110319)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 22 Jan 2015 00:53
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2015 02:04

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