Porous versus porthole fuel injection in a radical farming scramjet: A numerical analysis

Capra, Bianca R., Boyce, Russell R., Kuhn, Markus, & Hald, Hermann (2015) Porous versus porthole fuel injection in a radical farming scramjet: A numerical analysis. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 31(3), pp. 789-804.

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Numerically computed engine performance of a nominally two-dimensional radical farming scramjet with porous (permeable C/C ceramic) and porthole fuel injection is presented. Inflow conditions with Mach number, stagnation pressure, and enthalpy of 6.44, 40.2MPa, and 4.31 MJ/kg respectively, and fuel/air equivalence ratio of 0.44 were maintained, along with engine geometry. Hydrogen fuel was injected at an axial location of 92.33mm downstream of the leading edge for each investigated injection method. Results from this study show that porous fuel injection results in enhanced mixing and combustion compared to porthole fuel injection. This is particularly evident within the first half of the combustion chamber where porous fuel injection resulted in mixing and combustion efficiencies of 76% and 63% respectively. At the same location, porthole fuel injection resulted in efficiencies respectively of 58% and 46%. Key mechanisms contributing to the observed improved performance were the formation of an attached oblique fuel injection shock and associated stronger shock-expansion train ingested by the engine, enhanced spreading of the fuel in all directions and a more rapidly growing mixing layer.

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5 citations in Scopus
1 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 79442
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Scramjets, Hypersonic Flow, Porous Injection, Fuel Injection
DOI: 10.2514/1.B35404
ISSN: 1533-3876
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > AEROSPACE ENGINEERING (090100) > Hypersonic Propulsion and Hypersonic Aerodynamics (090107)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500) > Computational Fluid Dynamics (091501)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.
Deposited On: 17 Dec 2014 04:12
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 12:01

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