Delivering crushed paracetamol tablets using thickened fluids : does it alter the pharmacokinetics?

Radhakrishnan, Chandramouli, Nissen, Lisa, Cichero, Julie A.Y., Reuter, Stephanie, & Steadman, Kathryn J. (2014) Delivering crushed paracetamol tablets using thickened fluids : does it alter the pharmacokinetics? In Australiasian Pharmaceutical Science Assocation, 5-7 Dec 2014, Brisbane, Gardens Point campus. (Unpublished)

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Dysphagia, often associated with conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and dementia, causes patients to have difficulty with swallowing food and/or liquids. These patients require their fluids to be thickened using gum-based thickening powders in order to facilitate safe swallowing. These thickened fluids are also used as a vehicle for delivery of crushed medicines. Our in vitro measurements suggest that thickened fluids can delay and reduce the dissolution of a number of medications. This study was conducted to assess the impact of the use of thickened fluids on the clinical pharmacokinetics of oral paracetamol.

METHODS 20 Healthy volunteers were administered a single oral dose (1g) of paracetamol as either whole tablets, crushed with water, crushed with semi-solid jam, or crushed with thickened fluid according to a randomised, crossover design. Saliva samples were collected periodically over 8 hr and paracetamol concentration analysed by HPLC-UV. Non-compartmental pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted using Winnonlin®.

RESULTS The mean peak concentration (Cmax) of paracetamol ranged between 5.62 – 8.00 μg/mL. Comparison between the crushed paracetamol with thickened water (Level 900) and other treatment options (whole, crushed with water, and crushed with jam) showed there was a significant difference in Cmax at 90% CI (p < 0.05). Also, whole tablet had a significant difference in Cmax between crushed with water and crushed with jam. There was no significant difference in AUC irrespective of the treatment.

DISCUSSION The use of thickened water resulted in alteration in the absorption kinetics of paracetamol. Given this interaction, co-administration with thickened fluids may have important clinical implications for medications with a narrow therapeutic index.

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ID Code: 79556
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES (111500) > Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (111502)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 [Please consult the Authors]
Deposited On: 22 Dec 2014 00:29
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2014 00:34

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