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Compliance with a pelvic muscle exercise program as a causal predictor of urinary stress incontinence amongst Chinese women

Siu, L.S., Chang, Anne M., Yip, S.K., & Chang, A.M.Z. (2003) Compliance with a pelvic muscle exercise program as a causal predictor of urinary stress incontinence amongst Chinese women. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 22(7), pp. 659-663.

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Abstract

Aim: To determine the importance and contribution of compliance in a pelvic muscle exercise program as a factor in reducing the severity of urinary stress incontinence amongst Chinese women. Methods: Two hundred fourteen women presenting with urinary stress incontinence who agreed to undertake a program of pelvic muscle exercises were recruited into the study. Incontinence (wetting episodes), pelvic muscle strength, exercises compliance, correctness of pelvic muscle exercise technique, duration of stress incontinence, and previous history of pelvic surgery were recorded on four occasions: baseline (¢rst clinic session) and second to fourth clinic sessions. Demographic data were also collected at baseline. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to determine the relative importance of compliance to exercise regime in predicting the severity of incontinence. Path analysis was used to provide a summary description of the in£uence of compliance on the outcomes over the four visits. Results: The pelvic muscle training program appears to be able to reduce the overall urinary incontinence episodes by 85.2% and achieved a 73.1% increase in pelvic muscle strength. Although the number of wetting episodes in any visit are causally linked to that recorded in previous visit, those who were more compliant had a greater reduction. Age, mode of delivery, menopausal status, history of pelvic surgery, and duration of incontinence did not appear to contribute signi¢cantly to predicting incontinence. Conclusion: Compliance with pelvic muscle exercises significantly contributed to a reduction in urinary stress incontinence.

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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 7963
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author: am.chang@qut.edu.au
Keywords: compliance, pelvicmuscle exercises, stress incontinence
DOI: 10.1002/nau.10110
ISSN: 1520-6777
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Clinical Nursing - Tertiary (Rehabilitative) (111004)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons
Deposited On: 30 May 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:29

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