The presence of ultrasonic harmonics in the calls of the rifleman (Acanthisitta chloris)
Krull, C.R., Parsons, S., & Hauber, M.E. (2009) The presence of ultrasonic harmonics in the calls of the rifleman (Acanthisitta chloris). Notornis, 56, pp. 158-161.
Ultrasonic vocalisations (frequencies > 20 kHz) have been extensively studied in the context of echolocation by bats and other mammals (Sales & Pye 1974; Wilson & Hare 2004). Ultrasonic calls have also been recorded from birds, including the blue-throated hummingbird ( Lampornis clemenciae ) (Pytte et al. 2004), where it was first thought that individuals made use of high pitch calls to avoid masking by background noise in a visually obscured environment. Similarly, city-dwelling great tits ( Parus major ) use song with a higher minimum frequency (although not ultrasonic) compared to woodland birds to communicate with conspecifics to avoid the predominantly low-frequency background noise in the city (Slabbekorn & Peet 2003). The theory that birds use ultrasound to avoid noise masking was discarded when it was discovered that there was no corresponding auditory brainstem response (i.e. sensory perception) to the ultrasonic calls in the hummingbirds producing those calls.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||rifleman ; song ; Acanthisitta chloris ; ultrasonic sounds|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 The Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Inc.|
|Deposited On:||21 Jan 2015 02:32|
|Last Modified:||22 Jan 2015 22:02|
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