Lifecycle optimization and tradeoff analysis among competing objectives for a road corridor

Amador, Luis Esteban & Afghari, Amir Pooyan (2012) Lifecycle optimization and tradeoff analysis among competing objectives for a road corridor. In TRB 91st Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD, National Academy of Sciences, Marriott Wardman Park, Washington, D.C..

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Abstract

While the philosophical motivation behind Civil Infrastructure Management Systems is to achieve optimal level of service at a minimum cost, the allocation of scarce resources among competing alternatives is still a matter of debate. It appears to be widely accepted that results from tradeoff analysis can be measured by the degree of accomplishment of the objectives. Road management systems not only deal with different asset types but also with conflicting objectives. This paper presents a case study of lifecycle optimization with tradeoff analysis for a road corridor in New Brunswick. Objectives of the study included condition of bridge and roads and road safety. A road safety index was created based on potential for improvement. Road condition was based on roughness, rutting and cracking. Initial results show lack of sustainability in bridge performance. Therefore, bridges where broken by components: deck, superstructure and substructure. Visual inspections, in addition to construction age of each bridge, were combined to generate a surrogate apparent age. Two life cycle analysis were conducted; one aimed to minimize overall cost while achieving sustainable results and another one purely for optimization. -used to identify required levels of budget. Such analyses were used to identify the minimum required budget and to demonstrate that with the same amount of money it was possible to achieve better levels of performance. Dominance and performance driven criteria were combined to identify and select an optimal result. It was found that achievement of optimally sustained results is conditioned by the availability of treatments for all asset classes at across their life spans. For the case study a disaggregated bridge condition index was introduced to the original algorithm to attempt to achieve sustainability in all bridges components, however lack of early stage treatments for substructures produce declining trends for such a component.

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ID Code: 79840
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Lifecycle Optimization, Tradeoff Analysis, Rpad Management Systems, Road Safety
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 National Academy of Sciences
Deposited On: 08 Jan 2015 01:20
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2015 06:34

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