Resistance to amoebic gill disease (AGD) is characterised by the transcriptional dysregulation of immune and cell cycle pathways

Wynne, J. W., O'Sullivan, M. G., Stone, G., Cook, M. T., Nowak, B. F., Lovell, D. R., Taylor, R. S., & Elliott, N. G. (2008) Resistance to amoebic gill disease (AGD) is characterised by the transcriptional dysregulation of immune and cell cycle pathways. Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 32(12), pp. 1539-1560.

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Abstract

Amoebic gill disease (AGD) is a parasite-mediated proliferative gill disease capable of affecting a range of teleost hosts. While a moderate heritability for AGD resistance in Atlantic salmon has been reported previously, the mechanisms by which individuals resist the proliferative effects remain poorly understood. To gain more knowledge of this commercially important trait, we compared gill transcriptomes of two groups of Atlantic salmon, one designated putatively resistant, and one designated putatively susceptible to AGD. Utilising a 17k Atlantic salmon cDNA microarray we identified 196 transcripts that were differentially expressed between the two groups. Expression of 11 transcripts were further examined with real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qPCR) in the AGD-resistant and AGD-susceptible animals, as well as non-infected naïve fish. Gene expression determined by qPCR was in strong agreement with the microarray analysis. A large number of differentially expressed genes were involved in immune and cell cycle responses. Resistant individuals displayed significantly higher expression of genes involved in adaptive immunity and negative regulation of the cell cycle. In contrast, AGD-susceptible individuals showed higher expression of acute phase proteins and positive regulators of the cell cycle. Combined with the gill histopathology, our results suggest AGD resistance is acquired rather than innately present, and that this resistance is for the most part associated with the dysregulation of immune and cell cycle pathways. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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ID Code: 79857
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Acquired immunity, Disease resistance, Microarray, Parasite infection, Salmonid, transcriptome, amoebic gill disease, article, cell cycle regulation, cell metabolism, disease predisposition, gene cluster, gene expression profiling, genetic transcription, histopathology, immune response, microarray analysis, nonhuman, nucleotide sequence, parasitosis, priority journal, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, salmon, signal transduction, Amebiasis, Animals, Cell Cycle, Disease Susceptibility, Female, Fish Diseases, Gills, Host-Parasite Interactions, Immunity, Innate, Lobosea, Male, Salmo salar, Transcription, Genetic, Animalia, Salmonidae, Teleostei
DOI: 10.1016/j.dci.2008.05.013
ISSN: 0145-305X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > IMMUNOLOGY (110700)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Elsevier
Deposited On: 07 Jan 2015 04:25
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 04:25

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