A prospective study investigating the links among classroom environment, school connectedness, and depressive symptoms in adolescents

Shochet, Ian M. & Smith, Coral L. (2014) A prospective study investigating the links among classroom environment, school connectedness, and depressive symptoms in adolescents. Psychology in the Schools, 51(5), pp. 480-492.

View at publisher


School connectedness and classroom environment have both been strongly linked to depressive symptoms, but their interrelation is unclear. We tested whether school connectedness mediated the link between classroom environment and depressive symptoms. A sample of 504 Australian seventh- and eighth-grade students completed the Classroom Environment Scale, Psychological Sense of School Membership scale, and Children's Depression Inventory, at three time points. Together, the classroom environment and school connectedness accounted for 41% to 45% of variance in concurrent depressive symptoms, and 14% of subsequent depressive symptoms with prior symptoms accounted for. Only a partial mediation was found, with both classroom environment and school connectedness continuing to contribute uniquely to the prediction of concurrent and subsequent depressive symptoms. These findings provide additional support for the idea that school-based pathways to depressive symptoms are a complex interplay between environment and individual difference variables, necessitating individual and environmental school-based interventions.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
5 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

6 since deposited on 09 Jan 2015
4 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 79912
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: school connectedness, school environment, classroom environment, adolescence, depression
DOI: 10.1002/pits.21759
ISSN: 1520-6807
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Copyright Statement: This is the accepted version of the following article: Shochet, I. M. and Smith, C. L. (2014), A PROSPECTIVE STUDY INVESTIGATING THE LINKS AMONG CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT, SCHOOL CONNECTEDNESS, AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS IN ADOLESCENTS. Psychol. Schs., 51: 480–492. doi: 10.1002/pits.21759, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pits.21759/abstract
Deposited On: 09 Jan 2015 01:45
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 04:21

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page