Development of fourth-grade students’ understanding of experimental and theoretical probability

English, Lyn & Watson, Jane (2014) Development of fourth-grade students’ understanding of experimental and theoretical probability. In Anderson, Judy, Cavanagh, Michael, & Prescott, Anne (Eds.) Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, MERGA, Sydney, Australia, pp. 215-222.

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Abstract

Students explored variation and expectation in a probability activity at the end of the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study across grades 4-6. The activity involved experiments in tossing coins both manually and with simulation using the graphing software, TinkerPlots. Initial responses indicated that the students were aware of uncertainty, although an understanding of chance concepts appeared limited. Predicting outcomes of 10 tosses reflected an intuitive notion of equiprobability, with little awareness of variation. Understanding the relationship between experimental and theoretical probability did not emerge until multiple outcomes and representations were generated with the software.

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ID Code: 79996
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Probability, Statistics, Primary School
ISBN: 9781920846275
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200) > Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development (130202)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200) > Mathematics and Numeracy Curriculum and Pedagogy (130208)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Teacher Education & Leadership
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 [please consult the authors]
Deposited On: 19 Jan 2015 00:49
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2015 00:09

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