Dual-functional gum arabic binder for silicon anodes in lithium ion batteries

Ling, Min, Xu, Yanan, Zhao, Hui, Gu, Xingxing, Qiu, Jingxia, Li, Sheng, Wu, Mingyan, Song, Xiangyun, Yan, Cheng, Liu, Gao, & Zhang, Shanqing (2015) Dual-functional gum arabic binder for silicon anodes in lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy, 12, pp. 178-185.

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Abstract

Si has attracted enormous research and manufacturing attention as an anode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) because of its high specific capacity. The lack of a low cost and effective mechanism to prevent the pulverization of Si electrodes during the lithiation/ delithiation process has been a major barrier in the mass production of Si anodes. Naturally abundant gum arabic (GA), composed of polysaccharides and glycoproteins, is applied as a dualfunction binder to address this dilemma. Firstly, the hydroxyl groups of the polysaccharide in GA are crucial in ensuring strong binding to Si. Secondly, similar to the function of fiber in fiberreinforced concrete (FRC), the long chain glycoproteins provide further mechanical tolerance to dramatic volume expansion by Si nanoparticles. The resultant Si anodes present an outstanding capacity of ca. 2000 mAh/g at a 1 C rate and 1000 mAh/g at 2 C rate, respectively, throughout 500 cycles. Excellent long-term stability is demonstrated by the maintenance of 1000 mAh/g specific capacity at 1 C rate for over 1000 cycles. This low cost, naturally abundant and environmentally benign polymer is a promising binder for LIBs in the future.

Impact and interest:

22 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 80084
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.12.011
ISSN: 2211-2855
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Nono Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Nano Energy, [VOL 12, (2015)] DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.12.011
Deposited On: 15 Jan 2015 01:45
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2017 14:00

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