Alcohol use in South Africa : findings from the first demographic and health survey (1998)

Parry, Charles D.H., Plüddemann, A, Steyn, Krisela, Bradshaw, Debbie, Norman, Rosana, & Laubscher, Ria (2005) Alcohol use in South Africa : findings from the first demographic and health survey (1998). Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 66(1), pp. 91-97.

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Abstract

Objective

This study formed part of the 1998 South African Demographic and Health Survey, which included questions assessing the extent of alcohol use, risky drinking and alcohol problems among South Africans to obtain up-to-date baseline estimates of consumption and risky drinking and to inform intervention efforts.

Method

A two-stage random sample of 13,826 persons ages 15 or older (59% women) was included in the survey. Alcohol use was assessed through eight questions, including the CAGE questionnaire. Frequency analyses for different age groups, geographic setting, education level, population group and gender were calculated, as were odds ratios for these variables in relation to symptoms of alcohol problems.

Results

Current alcohol consumption was reported by 45% of the men and 17% of the women. White men (71%) were most likely and Asian women (9%) least likely to be current drinkers. Urban residents were more likely than nonurban dwellers to report current drinking. One third of the current drinkers reported risky drinking over weekends, and 28% of the men and 10% of the women scored above the cutoff level on the CAGE questionnaire. Symptoms of alcohol problems were significantly associated with lower socioeconomic status, no school education in women and being older than 25 years of age.

Conclusions

A comprehensive strategy is required to address the high levels of risky drinking and reported symptoms of alcohol problems.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 80256
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: alcohol, South Africa
ISSN: 0096-882X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Epidemiology (111706)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 23 Jan 2015 00:12
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2015 00:36

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