An analysis of the Output and employment conversion matrices of Australia's Economy

Valadkhani, Abbas & Robinson, Timothy J. (2005) An analysis of the Output and employment conversion matrices of Australia's Economy. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(2), pp. 483-490.


Based on two snapshots from the Australian economy,this study quantifies the impacts of final demand aggregates on output and employment in various sectors using the 1989 and 1997 conversions matrices. The sectoral output and employment are linked with final demand deliveries on such a way that one can measure the impacts on changes in each component of aggregate demand, other components remaining unchanged, on output and employment. A comparison of the aggregate output and employment multipliers in 1989 to 1997 indicates that while the output multipliers have increased, the employment multipliers have declined. This means that through time, due to rising labour productivity, the various components of aggregate demand would need to grow at a faster rate in order to achieve a certain employment growth. It was also found that almost all employment generated between 1989 to 1997 was in three service industries, namely community, social and personal service; whole sale retail; restaurants and property: and business services. These are industries that are lest likely to have benefited from the productivity gains and resulted from the microeconomics reforms that characterised the Australian economy during this period. On a relative basis, a rise in various components of aggregate final demand can lead to a higher employment generations in these three industries.

Impact and interest:

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 8036
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: No
Additional Information: For more information or for a copy of this article see the publisher URL above or contact the author at
Additional URLs:
Keywords: output, employment, conversion matrices, australian economy
ISSN: 1546-9239, 15543641
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Financial Economics (140207)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Science Publications
Deposited On: 06 Jun 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2014 05:39

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page