Telephone-delivered health coaching improves anxiety outcomes after myocardial infarction: The 'ProActive Heart' trial

O'Neil, Adrienne, Hawkes, Anna, Atherton, John, Patrao, Tania, Sanderson, Kristy, Wolfe, Rory, Taylor, C. Barr, & Oldenburg, Brian (2014) Telephone-delivered health coaching improves anxiety outcomes after myocardial infarction: The 'ProActive Heart' trial. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 21(1), pp. 30-38.

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Abstract

Background: Recently, we found a telephone-delivered secondary prevention programme using health coaching (‘ProActive Heart’) to be effective in improving a range of key behavioural outcomes for myocardial infarction (MI) patients. What remains unclear, however, is the extent to which these treatment effects translate to important psychological outcomes such as depression and anxiety outcomes, an issue of clinical significance due to the substantial proportion of MI patients who experience depression and anxiety. The objective of the study was to investigate, as a secondary hypothesis of a larger trial, the effects of a telephone-delivered health coaching programme on depression and anxiety outcomes of MI patients. Design: Two-arm, parallel-group, randomized, controlled design with six-months outcomes. Methods: Patients admitted to one of two tertiary hospitals in Brisbane, Australia following MI were assessed for eligibility. Four hundred and thirty patients were recruited and randomly assigned to usual care or an intervention group comprising up to 10 telephone-delivered ‘health coaching’ sessions (ProActive Heart). Regression analysis compared Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores of completing participants at six months (intervention: n = 141 versus usual care: n = 156). Results: The intervention yielded reductions in anxiety at follow-up (mean difference = −0.7, 95% confidence interval=−1.4,−0.02) compared with usual care. A similar pattern was observed in mean depression scores but was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The ProActive Heart programme effectively improves anxiety outcomes of patients following myocardial infarction. If combined with psychological-specific treatment, this programme could impact anxiety of greater intensity in a clinically meaningful way.

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ID Code: 80701
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Myocardial infarction, tele-health, anxiety, depression, health coaching
DOI: 10.1177/2047487312460515
ISSN: 2047-4873
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 21 Jan 2015 22:48
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2015 06:12

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