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Tax morale in Latin America

Torgler, Benno (2005) Tax morale in Latin America. Public Choice, 122(1-2), pp. 133-157.

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Abstract

In the tax compliance literature, there is a lack of empirical evidence on the degree of tax morale in developing countries. As a novelty, this paper focuses thus on Latin America, analysing tax morale as a dependent variable and searching for factors that systematically affect tax morale, working with the two data sets Latinobarómetro and World Values Survey. Our findings indicate that there is a significant correlation between tax morale and the size of shadow economy. Furthermore, people who said they knew/have heard about practised tax avoidance have a significantly lower tax morale than others. Looking at individuals’ perception of reasons for tax evasion we found that the tax burden, lacking honesty, and corruption are seen as the main factors. We observed a significantly lower tax morale in South America/Mexico than in the Central American/Caribbean area. Furthermore, trust in the president and the officials, the belief that other individuals obey the law and a pro democratic attitude have a significant positive effect on tax morale.

Impact and interest:

33 citations in Scopus
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23 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 8077
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. benno.torgler@qut.edu.au
Keywords: Tax morale, tax compliance, tax evasion, Latin America
DOI: 10.1007/s11127-005-5790-4
ISSN: 1573-7101
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Financial Economics (140207)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Springer
Deposited On: 13 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:22

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