Irregular meal timing is associated with helicobacter pylori infection and gastritis

Lim, Su Lin, Canavarro, Claudia, Zaw, Min Htet, Zhu, Feng, Loke, Wai Chiong, Chan, Yiong Huak, & Yeoh, Khay Guan (2013) Irregular meal timing is associated with helicobacter pylori infection and gastritis. ISRN Nutrition, 2013(714970).

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Abstract

Background

Helicobacter pylori (HP) is associated with chronic gastritis and gastric cancer, and more than half of the world’s population is chronically infected. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether an irregular meal pattern is associated with increased risk of gastritis and HP infection.

Methods

The study involved 323 subjects, divided into three groups: subjects with HP infection and gastritis, with gastritis, and a control group. Subjects were interviewed on eating habits and meal timing. Multivariate logistic regression was used to compare groups. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) were derived controlling for gender, age, stress and probiotic consumption.

Results

Subjects who deviated from their regular meals by 2 hours or more had a significantly higher incidence of HP infection with gastritis (adjusted OR= 13.3, 95% CI 5.3–33.3, p<0.001) and gastritis (adjusted OR=6.1, 95% CI 2.5–15.0, p<0.001). Subjects who deviated their meals by 2 hours or more, twice or more per week, had an adjusted OR of 6.3 and 3.5 of acquiring HP infection with gastritis (95% CI 2.6–15.2, p<0.001) and gastritis (95% CI 1.5–8.5, p<0.001) respectively.

Conclusion

Frequent deviation in meal timing over a prolonged period appears associated with increased risk of developing HP infection and gastritis.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 81194
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Irregular meal timing, Helicobacter pylori, Gastritis
DOI: 10.5402/2013/714970
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2013 Su-Lin Lim et al.
Copyright Statement: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Deposited On: 26 Jan 2015 22:52
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2015 20:36

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