Nutritional risk of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy in the ambulatory care setting : a prospective study

Ang, Emily, Lim, Hui Li, Mordiffi, Siti Zubaidah, Chan, Moon Fai, & Lim, Su Lin (2012) Nutritional risk of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy in the ambulatory care setting : a prospective study. Singapore Nursing Journal, 39(4), pp. 2-11.

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Cancer itself can alter the metabolic and physiologic of the body's nutritional needs. As a result, some patients experience some degree of weight loss before the start of the treatment.


The aim of the study was to determine at which chemotherapy treatment cycle patients with cancer begin to exhibit signs and symptoms of malnutrition.


A prospective descriptive correlational design was used to assess the nutritional risk of 111 patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy in the ambulatory setting. The data were collected by using a nutritional screening tool.


The prevalence of malnutrition risk was 45% in patients undergoing the first cycle of chemotherapy. Patients who received the first three cycles of chemotherapy were 2.62 times more likely to develop malnutrition than those who received seven or more cycles. The risk of developing malnutrition varies depending on the type of cancer, the types of chemotherapy regime, the number of chemotherapy cycles, body mass index and the stage of cancer.


The study found about half of the patients had developed signs and symptoms of nutritional risk at cycle one. Hence, nutritional support may be required even before the start of chemotherapy.

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ID Code: 81200
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Nutrition risk, cancer, chemotherapy, 3-Minute Nutrition Screening
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Singapore Nurses Association
Deposited On: 26 Jan 2015 23:16
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2015 17:48

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