Microalgal biomass as a fermentation feedstock for bioethanol production

Harun, Razif, Danquah, Michael K., & Forde, Gareth M. (2010) Microalgal biomass as a fermentation feedstock for bioethanol production. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 85(2), pp. 199-203.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

The increasing cost of fossil fuels as well as the escalating social and industrial awareness of the environmental impacts associated with the use of fossil fuels has created the need for more sustainable fuel options. Bioethanol, produced from renewable biomass such as sugar and starch materials, is believed to be one of these options, and it is currently being harnessed extensively. However, the utilization of sugar and starch materials as feedstocks for bioethanol production creates a major competition with the food market in terms of land for cultivation, and this makes bioethanol from these sources economically less attractive.

RESULT

This study explores the suitability of microalgae (Chlorococum sp.) as a substrate for bioethanol production via yeast (Saccharomycesbayanus)under different fermentation conditions. Results show a maximum ethanol concentration of 3.83 g L -1 obtained from 10 g L-1 of lipid-extracted microalgae debris.

CONCLUSION

This productivity level (∼38% w/w), which is in keeping with that of current production systems endorses microalgae as a promising substrate for bioethanol production.

Impact and interest:

157 citations in Scopus
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135 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 81535
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Bioethanol, Fermentation feedstocks, Microalgae, Yeast fermentation, Bio-ethanol production, Current production, Ethanol concentrations, Food markets, Micro-algae, Microalgal biomass, Sustainable fuels, Algae, Debris, Environmental impact, Ethanol, Feedstocks, Fermentation, Fossil fuels, Microorganisms, Renewable energy resources, Starch, Substrates, Sugar (sucrose), Yeast, alcohol derivative, biofuel, sugar, unclassified drug, alcohol production, algal growth, article, Chlorococum, concentration (parameters), controlled study, dewatering, fermentation medium, fungus culture, microalga, microbial biomass, nonhuman, nutrient availability, Saccharomyces bayanus, temperature dependence
DOI: 10.1002/jctb.2287
ISSN: 0268-2575
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 06 Feb 2015 00:12
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2015 02:27

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