Plasmonic effect of annealed gold islands for improving efficiency of organic solar cells
Notarianni, Marco, Vernon, Kristy, Chou, Alison, Liu, Jinzhang, & Motta, Nunzio (2015) Plasmonic effect of annealed gold islands for improving efficiency of organic solar cells. Advanced Device Materials, 1(1), pp. 27-32.
Embedding metallic nanoparticles in organic solar cells can enhance the photoabsorption through light trapping processes. This paper investigates how gold islands obtained by annealing 1–5 nm thick Au layers affect the photoabsorption. Using finite-difference time-domain simulations, the cell efficiency for various island geometries and thicknesses are analyzed and the properties of the islands for maximal photocurrent are discussed. It is shown that a careful choice of size and concentration of gold islands could contribute to enhance the power conversion efficiencies when compared to standard organic solar cell devices. The conclusions are then compared to experimental data for thermally annealed gold islands in bulk heterojunction solar cells. The results of this paper will contribute to the optimization of plasmonic organic solar cell systems and will pave the way for the development of highly efficient organic solar cell devices.
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