The challenges of meeting the needs of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) during out of hospital interactoins with Paramedics

Stephens, Joanne, Tippett, Vivienne, & Carrington, Suzanne (2014) The challenges of meeting the needs of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) during out of hospital interactoins with Paramedics. In Boyle, Mal (Ed.) Paramedics Australasian International Conference 2014, 18-20 September 2014, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

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This poster presents the results of a critical review of the literature on the intersection between paramedic practice with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and previews the clinical and communication challenges likely to be experienced with these patients. Paramedics in Australia provide 24/7 out-of-hospital care to the community. Although their core business is to provide emergency care, paramedics also provide care for vulnerable people as a consequence of the social, economic or domestic milieu. Little is known about the frequency of use of emergency out-of-hospital services by children with ASD and their families. Similarly, little is known about the attitudes and perceptions of paramedics to children with ASD and their emergency health care. However, individuals with ASD are likely to require paramedic services at some point across the life span and may be more frequent users of health services as a consequence of the challenges they face. The high rate of co-morbidities of people diagnosed with ASD is reported and includes seizure disorders, gastro-intestinal disorders, metabolic disorders, hormonal dysfunction, ear, nose and throat infections, hearing impairment, hypertension, allergies/anaphylaxis, immune disorders, migraine and diabetes, gross/fine motor skill dysfunction, premature birth, birth defects, obesity and mental illness. Individuals with ASD may frequently experience concurrent communication, behaviour and sensory challenges. Consequently, Paramedics can encounter difficulties gathering important patient information which may compromise sensitive care. These interactions occur often in high pressure and emotionally challenging environments, which add to the difficulties in communicating the treatment and transport needs of this population.

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ID Code: 81852
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Autism, Paramedics
ISSN: 2202-7270
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 [please consult the authors]
Deposited On: 17 Feb 2015 22:39
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2015 22:39

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