Attributing human uniqueness and human nature to cultural groups : distinct forms of subtle dehumanization

Bain, Paul, Park, Joonha, Kwok, Christopher, & Haslam, Nick (2009) Attributing human uniqueness and human nature to cultural groups : distinct forms of subtle dehumanization. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 12(6), pp. 789-805.

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Research on subtle dehumanization has focused on the attribution of human uniqueness to groups (infrahumanization), but has not examined another sense of humanness, human nature. Additionally, research has not extended far beyond Western cultures to examine the universality of these forms of dehumanization. Hence, the attribution of both forms of humanness was examined in three cross-cultural studies. Anglo-Australian and ethnic Chinese attributed values and traits (Study 1, N = 200) and emotions (Study 2, N = 151) to Australian and Chinese groups, and rated these characteristics on human uniqueness and human nature. Both studies found evidence of complementary attributions of humanness for Australians, who denied Chinese human nature but attributed them with greater human uniqueness. Chinese denied Australians human uniqueness, but their attributions of human nature varied for traits, values, and emotions. Study 3 (N = 54) demonstrated similar forms of dehumanization using an implicit method. These results and their implications for dehumanization and prejudice suggest the need to broaden investigation and theory to encompass both forms of humanness, and examine the attribution of both lesser and greater humanness to outgroups.

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ID Code: 81894
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Australia, China, cross-cultural, dehumanization, human nature, human uniqueness, infrahumanization
DOI: 10.1177/1368430209340415
ISSN: 1368-4302
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 18 Feb 2015 23:02
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2015 02:33

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