Investigating the link between carbon dioxide emissions and transport-related social exclusion in rural Northern Ireland
Kamruzzaman, Md., Hine, Julian, & Yigitcanlar, Tan (2015) Investigating the link between carbon dioxide emissions and transport-related social exclusion in rural Northern Ireland. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 12(11), pp. 3463-3478.
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Carbon dioxide (CO2) is considered the most harmful of the greenhouse gases. Despite policy efforts, transport is the only sector experiencing an increase in the level of CO2 emissions and thereby possesses a major threat to sustainable development. In contrast, a reduced level of mobility has been associated with an increasing risk of being socially excluded. However, despite being the two key elements in transport policy, little effort has so far been made to investigate the links between CO2 emissions and social exclusion. This research contributes to this gap by analysing data from 157 weekly activity-travel diaries collected in rural Northern Ireland. CO2 emission levels were calculated using average speed models for different modes of transport. Regression analyses were then conducted to identify the socio-spatial patterns associated with these CO2 emissions, mode choice behaviour, and patterns of participation in activities. This research found that despite emitting a higher level of carbon dioxide, groups in rural areas possess the risk of being socially excluded due to their higher levels of mobility.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Activity participation, Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, Northern Ireland, Transport disadvantage, Travel behaviour|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Land Use and Environmental Planning (120504)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Transport Planning (120506)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 Springer|
|Deposited On:||22 Feb 2015 23:50|
|Last Modified:||16 Mar 2016 06:00|
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