Understanding victim behaviour through offender behaviour typologies

Petherick, Wayne & Ferguson, Claire (2012) Understanding victim behaviour through offender behaviour typologies. In Coventry, Garry & Shircore, Mandy (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Annual Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, pp. 100-111.

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Criminology has long sought to define and understand criminal motivations. There has, however, been less attention paid to the motivations involved in “everyday” thought and behaviour that may place someone in harm’s way. This doesn’t mean that victims are somehow motivated to become victims, but they may behave in such a way that victimisation happens as a matter of course.

In the parlance of victimity, victim behaviour has often been referred to as either “victim facilitated” or “victim precipitated”. However, while some use these terms to explain the role of victim behaviour in relation to harm or loss, they actually do little to further our knowledge about the cognitive and behavioural milieu in which victimisation occurs. For example, a victim of homicide may precipitate the attack by violently confronting a partner (in retaliation for real or imagined wrongs). Another victim may facilitate domestic violence by not leaving their partner for financial reasons (“cannot afford to go out on my own”).

Far from blaming the victim, understanding the motivational nature of victim behaviour can be accomplished by juxtaposing motivations for offender behaviour. This presentation applies offender motivations to victim behaviours, and presents anecdotal and research support for this approach.

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ID Code: 82082
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Victimology, Criminal motivation, Offender typology
ISBN: 9780980857245
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 02 Mar 2015 00:07
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2015 11:35

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