Application of organo-beidellites for the adsorption of atrazine
The surfaces of natural beidellite were modified with cationic surfactant octadecyl trimethylammonium bromide at different concentrations. The organo-beidellite adsorbent materials were then used for the removal of atrazine with the goal of investigating the mechanism for the adsorption of organic triazine herbicide from contaminated water. Changes on the surfaces and structure of beidellite were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and BET surface analysis. Kinetics of the adsorption studies were also carried out which show that the adsorption capacity of the organoclays increases with increasing surfactant concentration up until 1.0 CEC surfactant loading, after which the adsorption capacity greatly decreases. TG analysis reveals that although the 2.0 CEC sample has the greatest percentage of surfactant by mass, most of it is present on external sites. The 0.5 CEC sample has the highest proportion of surfactant exchanged into the internal active sites and the 1.0 CEC sample accounts for the highest adsorption capacity. The goodness of fit of the pseudo-second order kinetic confirms that chemical adsorption, rather than physical adsorption, controls the adsorption rate of atrazine.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Beidellite, Atrazine, Adsorption, Organoclay|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V.|
|Copyright Statement:||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Clay Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Clay Science, Volumes 105–106, (March 2015), DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2015.01.003|
|Deposited On:||02 Mar 2015 22:36|
|Last Modified:||06 Apr 2016 03:39|
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