What roles do contemporaneous and cumulative incomes play in the income–child health gradient for young children? Evidence from an Australian Panel
Khanam, Rasheda, Nghiem, Hong Son, & Connelly, Luke Brian (2014) What roles do contemporaneous and cumulative incomes play in the income–child health gradient for young children? Evidence from an Australian Panel. Health Economics, 23(8), pp. 879-893.
The literature to date shows that children from poorer households tend to have worse health than their peers, and the gap between them grows with age. We investigate whether and how health shocks (as measured by the onset of chronic conditions) contribute to the income–child health gradient and whether the contemporaneous or cumulative effects of income play important mitigating roles. We exploit a rich panel dataset with three panel waves called the Longitudinal Study of Australian children. Given the availability of three waves of data, we are able to apply a range of econometric techniques (e.g. fixed and random effects) to control for unobserved heterogeneity. The paper makes several contributions to the extant literature. First, it shows that an apparent income gradient becomes relatively attenuated in our dataset when the cumulative and contemporaneous effects of household income are distinguished econometrically. Second, it demonstrates that the income–child health gradient becomes statistically insignificant when controlling for parental health and health-related behaviours or unobserved heterogeneity.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||child health; income gradient; chronic conditions; panel data; Australia|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Health Economics (140208)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Deposited On:||05 Mar 2015 23:51|
|Last Modified:||08 Mar 2015 22:03|
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