Topical pattern based document modelling and relevance ranking

Gao, Yang, Xu, Yue, & Li, Yuefeng (2014) Topical pattern based document modelling and relevance ranking. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8786, pp. 186-201.

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For traditional information filtering (IF) models, it is often assumed that the documents in one collection are only related to one topic. However, in reality users’ interests can be diverse and the documents in the collection often involve multiple topics. Topic modelling was proposed to generate statistical models to represent multiple topics in a collection of documents, but in a topic model, topics are represented by distributions over words which are limited to distinctively represent the semantics of topics. Patterns are always thought to be more discriminative than single terms and are able to reveal the inner relations between words. This paper proposes a novel information filtering model, Significant matched Pattern-based Topic Model (SPBTM). The SPBTM represents user information needs in terms of multiple topics and each topic is represented by patterns. More importantly, the patterns are organized into groups based on their statistical and taxonomic features, from which the more representative patterns, called Significant Matched Patterns, can be identified and used to estimate the document relevance. Experiments on benchmark data sets demonstrate that the SPBTM significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art models.

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ID Code: 82288
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2014 : 15th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, October 12-14, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, Print ISBN 978-3-319-11748-5
Keywords: Topic model, Information filtering, Significant matched pattern, Relevance ranking
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-11749-2_15
ISSN: 0302-9743
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Deposited On: 06 Mar 2015 01:13
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2015 22:12

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