Decomposition of the synthetic hydrotalcites mountkeithite and honessite-a high resolution thermogravimetric analysis and infrared emission spectroscopic study
Frost, Ray L. & Erickson, Kristy L. (2004) Decomposition of the synthetic hydrotalcites mountkeithite and honessite-a high resolution thermogravimetric analysis and infrared emission spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 421(1-2), pp. 51-58.
A combination of high resolution thermogravimetric analysis coupled to a gas evolution mass spectrometer combined with infrared emission spectroscopy has been used to study the thermal decomposition of synthetic hydrotalcites honessite (Ni6Fe2(SO4)(OH)16.4H2O) and mountkeithite (Mg6Fe2(SO4,CO3)(OH)16.4H2O) and the cationic mixtures of the two minerals. High resolution thermal analysis shows the decomposition takes place in 5 steps. A mass loss step is observed over the 125 to 150 degrees Celsius temperature range and is attributed to the mass loss due to dehydration. A second mass loss step is observed over the 260 to 330 degrees Celsius temperature range and is attributed to dehydroxylation. The third mass loss occurs from 350 to 460 degrees Celsius, and is assigned to a loss of oxygen. The fourth mass loss step is ascribed to the loss of sulphate from the hydrotalcite and occurs over the 676 to 820 degrees Celsius temperature range. A mechanism for the thermal decomposition is proposed based upon the loss of water, hydroxyl units, oxygen and sulphur dioxide.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||dehydration, dehydroxylation, hydrotalcite, honessite, mountkeithite, high, resolution thermogravimetric analysis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher: This journal is available online.|
|Deposited On:||11 Mar 2005 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:08|
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