Emotional expressions preferentially elicit implicit evaluations of faces also varying in race or age

Craig, Belinda M., Lipp, Ottmar V., & Mallan, Kimberley M. (2014) Emotional expressions preferentially elicit implicit evaluations of faces also varying in race or age. Emotion, 14(5), pp. 865-877.

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Both facial cues of group membership (race, age, and sex) and emotional expressions can elicit implicit evaluations to guide subsequent social behavior. There is, however, little research addressing whether group membership cues or emotional expressions are more influential in the formation of implicit evaluations of faces when both cues are simultaneously present. The current study aimed to determine this. Emotional expressions but not race or age cues elicited implicit evaluations in a series of affective priming tasks with emotional Caucasian and African faces (Experiments 1 and 2) and young and old faces (Experiment 3). Spontaneous evaluations of group membership cues of race and age only occurred when those cues were task relevant, suggesting the preferential influence of emotional expressions in the formation of implicit evaluations of others when cues of race or age are not salient. Implications for implicit prejudice, face perception, and person construal are discussed.

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ID Code: 82430
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Emotions, Social Cognition, Facial Expressions, Group Membership, Face Perception
DOI: 10.1037/a0037270
ISSN: 1931-1516
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 American Psychological Association
Copyright Statement: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record
Deposited On: 11 Mar 2015 23:50
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2015 13:44

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